©XSIBackup-Free: Free Backup Software for ©VMWare ©ESXi

Forum ©XSIBackup: ©VMWare ©ESXi Backup Software


You are not logged in.

#1 2022-03-28 17:30:08

indieair
Member
Registered: 2022-03-09
Posts: 9

Segmentation fault with restoring VM over IP

Backup over IP does not have any issue. However, when I tried to do a restoration with the backup folder, it return Segmentation fault in the console.

/scratch/XSI/XSIBackup-DC/xsibackup --restore xsibackup@host:22:/xsibackup/host/20220328165750/VM1 /vmfs/volumes/datastore1/restore
NUMBER	                                                                FILE            SIZE       PROGRESS
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
SIGTERM (11) condition was trapped: check logs for more details
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cleaning up...
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Segmentation fault

There is no other errors in the logs too.

Thanks

Last edited by indieair (2022-03-28 17:30:32)

Offline

#2 2022-03-28 17:46:00

admin
Administrator
Registered: 2017-04-21
Posts: 1,967

Re: Segmentation fault with restoring VM over IP

Are you using latest version?.
Restore using root and see if that works.

We recommend that you use CentOS 6/7 or Rocky Linux 8 as your target Linux system. There are hundreds of Linux distros and although most of them share some common principles, we can't guarantee that.

If you use the recommended distros and File Systems (XFS, ext4), you will enjoy the benefit of using some heavy tested scenarios and you will minimize your issues and take maximum advantage of your time.

Your problem broken down into its constituent pieces:

To be able to restore from a remote system you need xsibackup binary present in it. (c)XSIBackup can automatically update your binaries in the remote host, just as long as you use the root user, as the binaries are placed in the /usr/bin folder and you need elevated privileges to do that. You can also install manually but doing it through the regular over IP backup/replica command is much more convenient.

Once the binary is present in the remote system you will be able to use it when running the command with some alternative user, like xsibackup. Still that user will need to have privileges to create folders inside its home directory /home/xsibackup. You can achieve that by running.

chown -R xsibackup:xsibackup /home/xsibackup/

You have obviously configured your backup server up to this point, as you say that you can indeed backup without issue using the xsibackup user.

Restoring from the remote folder using the non-privileged user should be rather straight from this point. Just make sure that you are using the latest binary.

Offline

#3 2022-03-29 04:45:50

indieair
Member
Registered: 2022-03-09
Posts: 9

Re: Segmentation fault with restoring VM over IP

I'm using version 1.5.1.11.

I've tried with root user and got this error when restoring. There were no issues with the backup

NUMBER	                                                                FILE            SIZE       PROGRESS
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2022-03-29T04:41:26 | Error code 226 at file restore.c, line 226 | Error description: can't read file name from SSH tunnel

Offline

#4 2022-03-29 10:03:26

admin
Administrator
Registered: 2017-04-21
Posts: 1,967

Re: Segmentation fault with restoring VM over IP

Your problem is in the SSH tunnel. Disable any firewalls in between and revise the errors thrown by the SSH layer. Increase verbosity and activate strace:

strace ./xsibackup --restore xsibackup@host:22:/xsibackup/host/20220328165750/VM1 /vmfs/volumes/datastore1/restore --debug-print

We do these type of operations every day on CentOS and Rocky Linux, even on Ubuntu and Debian devices sometimes, although as you know we encourage you to use the former distros.

What is your remote system?, you haven't even told us.

Offline

#5 2022-03-30 12:02:54

indieair
Member
Registered: 2022-03-09
Posts: 9

Re: Segmentation fault with restoring VM over IP

My apologies, missed out on your question.

We are using CentOS 7 in the remote system

Offline

#6 2022-03-30 18:40:58

admin
Administrator
Registered: 2017-04-21
Posts: 1,967

Re: Segmentation fault with restoring VM over IP

And your (c)ESXi version?. We can try to reproduce your environment, still it's difficult to do so when we don't know it smile

Offline

#7 2022-03-31 01:47:52

indieair
Member
Registered: 2022-03-09
Posts: 9

Re: Segmentation fault with restoring VM over IP

Our EXSI version is 6.7.0 Update 1

Offline

#8 2022-03-31 16:02:46

admin
Administrator
Registered: 2017-04-21
Posts: 1,967

Re: Segmentation fault with restoring VM over IP

Thank you.
We have conducted some tests using your very same (c)XSIBackup and (c)ESXi version in CentOS 7.0 as an IP backend with no issue.

We'll take the chance to revise the main steps involved in achieving your goal.

As said, using the root user is the recommended procedure, as it will abstract you from having to deal with the permissions of the elements involved in the process. On the other hand a public RSA key authentication over SSH is, by today's standards, the most secure way to access any remote OS.

You start by installing some fresh CentOS 7.0 OS and updating it via yum: yum update -y.

Now you can directly exchange your public (c)XSIBackup RSA key with the just installed host.

From the (c)ESXi box:

./xsibackup --add-key root@a.b.c.d:22

(*) Do make sure to enable SSH port in the (c)ESXi firewall, both in and out.

We start by exchanging the root key, as only the root user will be able to automatically update the remote binaries: xsibackup and base64
We then create the backup user in the remote CentOS 7 backend:

[root@localhost ~]# useradd backup1
[root@localhost ~]# passwd backup1
Changing password for user backup1.
New password:
Retype new password:
passwd: all authentication tokens updated successfully.

Create a dir to store your backups and take ownership of the home folder for this user:

mkdir -p /home/backup1/backups
chown -R backup1:backup1 /home/backup1

Add the (c)XSIBackup RSA public key to the backup1 user's authorized_keys file, namely: exchange the key again for this user.

From the (c)ESXi host:

./xsibackup --add-key backup1@a.b.c.d:22

The key contained within the xsibackup_id_rsa.pub file in the (c)XSIBackup installation dir will be added to the remote OpenSSL file: /home/backup1/.ssh/authorized_keys, that is: the file containing the authorized keys for the backup1 user. You can also do that manually.

Now you should be able to access the remote system passwordlessly using the backup1 user. You can easily check that by running the last --add-key command again.

Still, you won't be able to backup to that host yet, as you still need to install the xsibackup binary to act as the server side of your backups or replicas. Again, you can install manually or just use the built in automatic process.

To install the binaries to the remote host, just run some --backup or --replica to some folder on the remote CentOS 7 backup server by using the root user

./xsibackup --backup "VMs(YOUR-VM)" root@a.b.c.d:22:/home/backup1/backups

The required binaries will be updated and assigned 0755 permission.
Now run the same backup command again by using the backup1 user.

./xsibackup --backup "VMs(YOUR-VM)" backup1@a.b.c.d:22:/home/backup1/backups

We believe you already got to this point.

Now to restore any of the backup points for YOUR-VM in the remote CentOS 7 server just create some local folder to host the restores.

mkdir -p /vmfs/volumes/datastore1/restores/YOUR-VM

And then restore the VM to the above generated folder.

./xsibackup --restore backup1@a.b.c.d:22:/home/backup1/backups/20220331122508/YOUR-VM /vm
fs/volumes/datastore1/restores/YOUR-VM

You will see some output like the one below

[root@localhost:/scratch/XSI/XSIBackup-DC] ./xsibackup --restore backup1@a.b.c.d:22:/home/backup1/backups/20220331122508/CRM /vm
fs/volumes/datastore1/restores/YOUR-VM
|---------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
||-------------------------------------------------------------------------------||
|||   (c)XSIBackup-Free 1.5.1.11: Backup & Replication Software                 |||
|||   (c)33HOPS, Sistemas de Informacion y Redes, S.L. | All Rights Reserved    |||
||-------------------------------------------------------------------------------||
|---------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
                   (c)Daniel J. Garcia Fidalgo | info@33hops.com
|---------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
System Information: ESXi, Kernel 6 Major 7 Minor 0 Patch 0
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
/!\ Running XSIBackup in a nested host is not supported
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Remote system: Linux
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
PID: 2102784, Running job as: backup1
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Run job as 'root' to automatically update the remote binaries
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
The restore directory: /vmfs/volumes/datastore1/restores/YOUR-VM does not exist
Do you wish to create it? (y/n): y

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Restoring VM CRM from 192.168.3.221
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NUMBER                                                                  FILE            SIZE       PROGRESS
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/20                                                               CRM.vmx.tmp       2.45 KB | Done   0.00%
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2/20                                                             vmware-49.log     189.61 KB | Done   0.00%
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
3/20                                                                  CRM.vmdk     500.00 B  | Done   0.00%
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
4/20                                                             CRM-flat.vmdk      20.00 GB | Done  99.99%
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
5/20                                                               CRM-aux.xml      13.00 B  | Done  99.99%
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
6/20                                                          CRM.vmdk.extents       8.30 KB | Done  99.99%
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
7/20                                                                  CRM.vmxf     258.00 B  | Done  99.99%
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
8/20                                                                 CRM.nvram       8.48 KB | Done  99.99%
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
9/20                                                                  CRM.vmsd      46.00 B  | Done  99.99%
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
10/20                                                            vmware-51.log     161.16 KB | Done  99.99%
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
11/20                                                     CRM-flat.vmdk___hash      82.00 B  | Done  99.99%
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
12/20                                                                  CRM.vmx       2.45 KB | Done  99.99%
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
13/20                                                               vmware.log     241.14 KB | Done  99.99%
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
14/20                                                            vmware-47.log     374.03 KB | Done  99.99%
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
15/20                                                            vmware-48.log     325.92 KB | Done  99.99%
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
16/20                                                             CRM.vmsd.tmp      46.00 B  | Done  99.99%
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
17/20                                                            vmware-46.log     172.79 KB | Done  99.99%
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
18/20                                                            vmware-50.log       1.45 MB | Done 100.00%
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
19/20                                                                 CRM.vmx~       2.45 KB | Done 100.00%
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
20/20                                                    CRM-Snapshot1470.vmsn      27.37 KB | Done 100.00%
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Restore end date: 2022-03-31 12:52:38
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Time taken:     00:08:11 (491 sec.)
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Speed:           41.72 mb/s
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Removed host <tmp> dir        OK
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Removed prog <tmp> dir        OK
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Removed PID                   OK

To be able to restore your VM you just need the backup1 user have:

1/ Execute rights on the remote binaries. This is assigned by default when you use the root user to perform some test backup.
2/ Read access to the backup respository.

Of course, we are posing this example asuming that you are logged in the (c)ESXi server as root. It's not the same the local user than the remote.

To detect any possible issue in the SSH tunnel, you can debug it by adding the --debug-print argument to your restore backup, which will print the details on the remote commands launched:

./xsibackup --restore backup1@a.b.c.d:22:/home/backup1/backups/20220331122508/YOUR-VM /vm
fs/volumes/datastore1/restores/YOUR-VM  --debug-print

You can also run some SSH command to verify that you can access the remote files

From the /scratch/XSI/XSIBackup-DC dir:

ssh -i xsibackup_id_rsa backup1@a.b.c.d "cat /home/backup1/backups/20220331122508/YOUR-VM/YOUR-VM.vmx.map" | cat > /tmp/YOUR_VM.vmx.map

This command should bring your remote YOUR-VM.vmx.map file to the /tmp dir. It should contain a 40 byte SHA-1 hash.

To increase verbosity in the SSH tunnel and get all the details, in case you are getting some error:

ssh -vvv -i xsibackup_id_rsa backup1@a.b.c.d "cat /home/backup1/backups/20220331122508/YOUR-VM/YOUR-VM.vmx.map" | cat > /tmp/YOUR_VM.vmx.map

Offline

Board footer